The data by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), on ‘Crime in India’ released communal riots in 2020, registered an increase of 96% from the previous year.
Same as this, a caste riots saw an increase of close to 50%, agrarian riots 38% and riots during ‘Andolan or Morcha’ increased by 33%. Whereas, according to the report the complete lockdown from March 25 and May 31 last year, was a relax as the number of cases registered for crimes against women, children and senior citizens, theft, burglary, robbery and dacoity, among others, dropped by about 2 lakh.
A marginal increase of 1% was registered against muder as the offences falling under the category of “violent crimes” decreased by 0.5%. The year also saw a significant drop in cases related to ‘Offences against the State’, with a drop of 27% over 2019. UP, however, was the only major state to record an increase in this category, mostly due to the large number of ‘Damage to Public Property’ cases registered by the state, many of them during the anti- CAA protests.
In category of ‘Offences Against the State’, 2020 saw 2,000 fewer cases being registered as compared to 2019, which recorded 7,656 cases. Out of 5,613 cases registered this year, 80.6% of cases were registered under The Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act (4,524 cases) — suggesting state crackdown on violent protests — followed by 796 (14.2%) cases under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).